In Trollope was promoted to chief inspector of the Post Office, and he then moved his family from Ireland to England. In he met Kate Field, a young American with whom he had a fatherly relationship, and William Makepeace Thackeray, whose novels he admired and about whom he wrote a memoir Thackeray, Wherever he went, he kept at his writing. In all, he wrote 47 novels, in addition to short stories, travel books, hunting sketches, biographies, and other volumes.
Can You Forgive Her? The characters in this series develop as they do in the Barsetshire novels, especially Plantagenet Palliser, who is seen as a young man in the first novel and as a widower in the last. This novel is a scathing satire of England in the s, greedy for money while on the edge of moral bankruptcy. This novel seems to reveal a Trollope different from the author of the Barsetshire stories.
The author, however, is the man he always was; his story is now about a different England. Trollope was a methodical writer. He began writing as early as in the morning and before breakfast entered in a diary kept for each of his novels, beginning with Barchester Towers, the number of pages he had written. He wrote aboard ship or on a train. When he finished a novel, he turned it over to his publisher and promptly began another.
His method of working made him liable to the charge of being a mechanical rather than a methodical writer. However, his steady output was the result of pondering the characters and situations of a projected book while traveling or during intervals in his business day. Trollope's Autobiography, written in but not published until , the year after his death, revealed his method of writing and caused a decline in his reputation. Only in the 20th century was his reputation restored. The Autobiography presents an older and sadder man—but not an essentially different one—than the Trollope who commented upon his characters in the Barsetshire novels.
After resigning from the Post Office, Trollope traveled for pleasure.
He continued to write during each journey. He suffered a stroke and after a short illness died on Dec. Trollope's Autobiography ; many subsequent editions is a valuable self-portrait but an underestimation of his abilities. Michael Sadleir, Trollope: A Commentary , undoubtedly the best biography, presents him as a healthy, normal man content with the life around him and happy to create the illusion of it in his books. The best critical study is Bradford A.
The comedy in this exchange lies in the different premises on which the archdeacon and Eleanor are arguing over the same ground. When, at the climax of the argument, the archdeacon outrages Eleanor by suggesting that she might be called Mrs Slope, she believes him to be deliberately insulting her, never realising that he seriously perceives this to be possible. During the exchange with the archdeacon she has surprised him by handing him the letter from Mr Slope to read. What is important to note in the confrontation with the archdeacon is not only that she gets the better of him intellectually in the argument but also that she has moved on from the fearful awe in which she held her brother-in-law five years earlier when her father had finally decided to go against the wishes of his son-in-law and resign the Wardenship of the hospital.
Mr Arabin, who will eventually succeed, fails to even get his moment alone with her, Bertie Stanhope is rejected, quite kindly since he is so transparent that his motive is her money that she cannot find it in her to be angry with him for his impertinence, but Mr Slope fares worst for his insinuating I am tempted to use the word slimey approach. She is in far less need of a man to protect her honour than those around her think. Having thus extracted the maximum comic effect from this trio of would-be lovers and allowed true love, once again, in the shape of Mr Arabin to overcome the self-imposed hurdles of his own ineptitude at the business of wooing a woman who is his intellectual equal, Trollope gives Eleanor a second shot at marital happiness, of which she, characteristically, makes good use.
Even in this less prominent position, though, we continue to learn more about Eleanor. She is no mere distaff appendage to her husband. But this vignette does also indicate that Eleanor may be a good mother with quite modern ideas about bringing up children. Posy has clearly heard her parents discussing Mrs Proudie, so they must talk freely in front of her on all manner of topics, and she has the confidence to speak her mind, which would surely only be the case if her parents had encouraged her by paying attention to what she said and treating it with appropriate respect.
Her clergyman husband has journeyed to the Holy Land but, while he does this, she has elected to visit Paris, Florence, Venice and Rome without him. No doubt the touring is intended in part to be an educational experience for her son but the very fact that she is taking him suggests that she has the necessary interest in and appreciation of the fine arts to act as his guide for this tour without recourse to a professional for that purpose.
In fact, it is revealed that the cheque had been given to him by Eleanor when Crawley had swallowed his pride so far as to turn to his long time friend from Oxford University, and fellow clergyman of Barsetshire, Dean Arabin.
But, of course, Eleanor is absolutely correct in both her recollection of the facts and her belief that a cheque is just like any other money. In the nineteenth century, uncrossed cheques were effectively bills of exchange and could be passed from person to person as equivalents to cash until the final recipient chose to present them at a bank for encashment or payment into their bank account. Indeed, this is precisely what Josiah Crawley had endeavoured to do when passing the cheque on to pay the butcher, Fletcher, in settlement of his debt to that man.
And it was precisely in this way that Eleanor had received the cheque, as payment of rent arrears owed to her as his landlord by the tenant publican of the The Dragon of Wantly public house. She had even questioned his agent, Dan Stringer, who brought the cheque to her, as to why he had not cashed the cheque and brought her the money; to which he had responded that they owed money at the bank and so wished to avoid this course of action.
Her business acumen was such that she could see the sense of this and know that it was therefore better for her to accept it as good settlement of part of the arrears owing to her. In short, what she says to her husband, contritely taking the blame for an error on herself, is in fact a sop to him and, as she knows, factually incorrect.
Her understanding had been right all along. Mr Soames will indict me now. We see her emerge from his care and take a significant part in the public life of Barchester. As he grows increasingly frail she has him move in with her and her husband and cares for him with tender solicitude. Cetshwayo — : The last king of the Zulu nation, from to , Cetshwayo was the grandnephew of the legendary king Shaka. Alexander II — : From his ascension to the throne as leader of the Russian Empire in to his assassination in , Alexander II led a program of systematic reforms, most notably the emancipation of the peasant class of serfs.
Some critics, including several of his original reviewers, have found fault with Trollope's subsidiary plots and have wished them away. Recent criticism, however, has shown Trollope's impressive art in the orchestration of plot with subplot. Trollope, in fact, made himself a great master of the contrapuntal novel long before anyone had thought of the term.
The Barset Series The Barsetshire series elicited several comments that were repeated throughout Trollope's lifetime. Above all, critics warmed to his characters and praised both Trollope's lively, readable style and his humorous portrayal of everyday life. They also noted his fidelity to the English character, particularly in his portraits of young girls, although some critics noted that he overused the plot scheme of a heroine vacillating between two suitors.
Trollope's early critics attributed a number of his faults, including careless construction, grammatical errors, and insubstantial story lines, to the fact that Trollope wrote quickly, and they blamed the exigencies of serial publication for his overly episodic and fragmentary plots.
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In addition, many commentators found Trollope's technique of allowing the narrator to constantly comment on the action and characters to be irrelevant and distracting. Legacy If it has taken time for critics to claim a place for Trollope among the greatest novelists, the readers have kept buying and reading his Books.
Snow's phrase. He lost some readers during his lifetime and some more after his death; but after the s reprints of his many novels have proved sound investments for many publishers. During the two world wars, Trollope and Barset were in enormous demand. In the s his second series was adapted by the BBC as a highly successful television serial, The Pallisers.
And increasingly in the two decades before the centenary of his death, the critics have ceased to be apologists. Trollope has been recognized as a major novelist. Trollope made a name for himself with the tales of the residents of an invented county that held recognizable elements from real locations despite its being fictional. Other works featuring famous fictional settings that bear a strong resemblance to real places include:. This pulp horror writer used Arkham County, a prototypical New England locale, as a setting for many of his stories. This, one of his best-known short stories, prominently features two of Arkham County's most famous locales: Miskatonic University and the town of Dunwich.
Far from the Madding Crowd , a novel by Thomas Hardy. Hardy wrote a series of stories and poems set in the semifictional Wessex County; this was his fourth such story and first major success. Gulliver's Travels , a novel by Jonathan Swift. In this would-be travelogue, the locations visited by Gulliver—Lilliput, Brobdingnag, Laputa, and so forth—are allegorical countries, each representing a different aspect of human nature.
A Bruccoli Clark Layman Book. Ira B.
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Trollope and Comic Pleasure. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Kendrick, Walter M. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, McMaster, Juliet. Trollope's Palliser Novels: Theme and Pattern. New York: Macmillan, Morse, Deborah Denenholz. Women in Trollope's Palliser Novels. Ann Arbor , Mich. Nardin, Jane. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, Super, Robert H.
Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, Nationality: English.