Italy -- Social conditions -- 17th century. Italy -- Social conditions -- 18th century. Black 2. Mackenney Lewis Notes Includes bibliographical references p. View online Borrow Buy Freely available Show 0 more links Set up My libraries How do I set up "My libraries"?
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Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. By Stanislao da Campagnola. The result is a resource of immense value to all who study the iconography of St Francis and the remarkable blossoming of imagery which he inspired ; it is a fundamental resource for many aspects of medieval history and art history. This approach lends a dimension to his interest in the images he describes, though it has to be admitted that his interpretations are not always as convincing as his descriptions.
There are clear parallels between some of the scenes in the Francis cycle in the Lower Church at Assisi and some of the gospel scenes opposite — but surely not all. The attempt to find parallels between the preaching to the birds and the deposition from the cross carries little conviction. His commentaries on the Upper Church fresco cycle and on the Bardi panel are disappointing. In interpretation and analysis there will always be scope for disagreement : this in no way detracts from our gratitude for a marvellous contribution to Franciscan scholarship.
They are all of considerable substance and handle a wide range of themes, from studies of Francis himself and his impact on thirteenth-century Church and society to the early history of the Observance. But he opens a window to Franciscan studies in a golden age — the late twentieth century in Italy — in a very helpful way. Preaching and popular devotion in the later Middle Ages. By Katherine Ludwig Jansen.
She can be congratulated on choosing Mary Magdalen as her case study, since and this is widely demonstrated in the book the cult of the Magdalen included elements relevant to almost every central issue of late medieval popular devotion. She was a key figure when speaking about penance, apostolic life or contemplation. She was an exemplary figure for both the vita contemplativa and the vita activa. She was at the same time saint and sinner, an example of sins to be avoided and virtues to be imitated.
In addition to sermons, she uses different genres of hagiographic material, chronicles, archival material, wall paintings and manuscript illuminations. It needs to be emphasised that paintings and pictures are used not only to illustrate the book, but also to illuminate other sources, especially sermons, and hence they actually contribute to the results of the study. What is even more important is that all these different source materials are used with good sense resulting in sound and well-documented conclusions.
Seven Hundred Years of Fraternal Orders
Only rarely does Jansen get carried away with her sources and make less plausible assumptions. An example of such a mishap occurs on p. Having read it one is guaranteed to see medieval representations of the Magdalen with new eyes. Edited by R. As before, the whole register is presented in an English kalendar, followed by an appendix of seventy-four of the most noteworthy entries in full Latin transcripts. Such issues could be the concern of any bishop.
Carlisle was a remote diocese within the Ecclesia anglicana, but was not for that reason out of reach of the papacy at Avignon, where Welton was himself consecrated. The bishop might have to act as march warden, or to attend regional councils to discuss the defence of the north, or to serve on a commission to survey Cumbrian fortresses.
In this admirable edition, provided with two excellent indices for persons and places and for subjects but not with a map, which would have been useful , he gives us an appropriate memorial to a man who was a tidy-minded administrator as well as a conscientious resident bishop, and in the process sheds valuable light on the workings of the Church in an often murky corner of England.
By Michael Schmidt. The use of historic examples and themes is illustrated by a wealth of widely spaced architectural sources, from Cologne to Kosice in Slovakia Hungary in the late medieval and early modern periods. This is a handsome if somewhat problematical book. His church politics and ecclesiology. Posthumus Meyjes trans. In preparing it for publication for the English-speaking world, Professor Posthumus Meyjes revised much of his thought in light of more recent scholarship on this period of medieval theology and political thought.
Section one reads well historically, and the author does a tremendous service for his readers by masterfully navigating such a complex period, the later Middle Ages. This explains why he vociferously rejected the via facti option, and instead argued for the resignation of both contending pontiffs.
However, as the Schism dragged on, Gerson became convinced that there was more at stake than simply a juridical conflict. As the French royal court and even his fellow theologians then began to support the policy of subtracting obedience to the Avignon papacy, it became clear to Gerson that the Schism threatened the very ministry of the Church.
- The Politics of Ritual Kinship. Confraternities and Social Order in Early Modern Italy..
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In ch. Posthumus Meyjes is rigorous in describing whom Gerson read, but the circle begs completion by indicating who read Gerson. Setting aside the influence of the jurists was one thing, but it would not address the essential problem of the Schism : where was ecclesiastical authority situated? As a reader of Ps-Dionysius, Gerson was devoted to the notion of hierarchy, a concept that, once aligned to the concept of plenitudo potestatis, had propelled papal absolutism to dizzying heights since the late thirteenth century.
Yet, rejecting papal absolutism did not mean abandoning the concept of hierarchy, for Gerson provided an innovative interpretation. In distributive terms, the fulness of power is found in the pope, since he is the head of the hierarchy — and he is the font of all power for church leaders below him. At the same time, that same fulness of power is found in the hierarchy itself, and is seen when one considers that hierarchy as a totality pp. There are some instances in which a summary does not exactly match the text in the notes for example pp. These infelicities, however, fade to relative insignificance when one considers the immense accomplishment of such a comprehensive reading of the Gersonian opera.
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What is more problematic is the structure of the argument. Some perplexing statements arise in the analysis of non-Gersonian sources. From the evidence he presents, however, it is Ockham alone who states this explicitly. Clearly, there was professional animosity between the theologians and jurists, but this did not necessarily require theologians to employ the very precise and technical term of subalternation as means of diminishing the importance of canon law.
Gerson did indeed consider that theology was the superior science, and that the content of canon law was derived from theological principles, that is, sacred Scripture pp. The case presented concerning Marsilian influence is indisputable, but the influence of Ockham is more problematic. We are told, for example, that little synthetic work has been done on Ockham, and in particular on his ecclesiology p. Hence, it may be more appropriate to describe the faculty as an arbiter of faith and morals, a position it staunchly defended well beyond the Reformation, but one that did not necessarily imply any form of infallibility.
Moreover, he has succeeded where some past historians have failed, namely in demonstrating that late medieval ecclesiology was not simply a precursor of modern political philosophy or constitutional theory.
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By Jacques Verger. Prophecy and order. Lumsden, Pp. Viewed merely as a work of synthesis — and it is a good deal more than that — this is a book which will prove exceptionally useful to future scholars. Apologies were in fact hardly called for : it is precisely because of his skill in exploiting so much recent research on late medieval universities and scholars in his own country that this translation of his Gens de savoir deserves to find a large readership in Britain and the USA.
But then perhaps the greatest virtue of this exceptionally thought-provoking study is not its grander hypotheses but rather that sooner or later it addresses, however briefly, almost all the most difficult problems in the intellectual history of later medieval Europe.
Women in Culture and Society. Using the concept of potlatch, she describes the Venetian dowry system as one of gift exchange and constructed social obligations that preserved the power of the ruling class by favouring patrician males who, unlike aristocratic females, were permitted to marry wealthy individuals of lower social standing. A more complete account of monachisation would have been achieved by the full incorporation of sporadic acknowledgements of the role played by a sclerotic Venetian economy.
That would have also involved a modification of the borrowed, and somewhat ill-fitting, potlatch theory, given that a potlatch is a voluntary squandering of valued resources whereas monachisation was the involuntary squandering of a resource that was still officially declared an asset but that in reality had become a liability, not least because impoverishment had forced the patrician class to legislate the fulfilment of its reproductive needs through non-patrician women.
Simply put, patricians who had ample funds married their daughters off and those who did not put them in convents. Clearly, the potlatch of choice was the earthly dowry, which promoted present and future political and economic good for both families. A further subject of the book is the connection between the increasing state control of convents and the rise of the centralised state in the early modern period.
A more interesting discussion would have resulted from a fuller articulation of the conflicts between state duty and family loyalty produced by the particular nature of the Venetian state, a republic ruled by an endogamous patriciate whose members were putting their female relatives into the same convents that they supervised as state officials. By Alastair Hamilton. Warburg Studies. This is a delightful book that will repay the attention of almost any reader interested in the scholarship, thought world or contemporary culture of Renaissance and Reformation Europe.
The Vulgate version, moreover, contained later additions, from the second and third centuries.